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How did Hearst and Pulitzer contribute to the Spanish-American War? Hearst and Pulitzer devoted more and more attention to the Cuban struggle for independence, at times accentuating the harshness of Spanish rule or the nobility of the revolutionaries, and occasionally printing rousing stories that proved to be false. By early May, the Spanish-American War had begun.
What role did Hearst and Pulitzer play in the Spanish American War? Men such as William Randolph Hearst, the owner of The New York Journal was involved in a circulation war with Joseph Pulitzer of the New York World and saw the conflict as a way to sell papers. Many newspapers ran articles of a sensationalist nature and sent correspondents to Cuba to cover the war.
What effect did the yellow journalism used by Hearst and Pulitzer before and during the Spanish American War? What effect did the yellow journalism used by Hearst and Pulitzer before and during the Spanish American War have on American reactions to the situations in Cuba? Yellow Journalism greatly pressured the President into declaring war on Spain.
What contributed to the Spanish American War? On , the United States declared war against Spain. The reasons for war were many, but there were two immediate ones: America’s support the ongoing struggle by Cubans and Filipinos against Spanish rule, and the mysterious explosion of the battleship U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor.
Joseph Pulitzer, (born , Makó, Hungary—died , Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.), American newspaper editor and publisher who helped to establish the pattern of the modern newspaper. In his time he was one of the most powerful journalists in the United States.
Publication of the letter helped generate public support for a war with Spain over the issue of independence for the Spanish colony of Cuba. Two months later, on , McKinley delivered a war message to Congress asking for “forcible intervention” by the United States to establish peace in Cuba.
Yellow journalism was a style of newspaper reporting that emphasized sensationalism over facts. During its heyday in the late 19th century it was one of many factors that helped push the United States and Spain into war in Cuba and the Philippines, leading to the acquisition of overseas territory by the United States.
But it was the sinking of the battleship Maine in Havana Harbor that gave Hearst his big story–war. After the sinking of the Maine, the Hearst newspapers, with no evidence, unequivocally blamed the Spanish, and soon U.S. public opinion demanded intervention.
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. The era of yellow journalism may be said to have ended shortly after the turn of the 20th century, with the World’s gradual retirement from the competition in sensationalism.
One major cause of the Spanish American War was the humanitarian concerns over Cuba. Another cause of the war was American Business interests in Cuba. A third cause is that Americans wanted eliminate Spain from the Western Hemisphere. Another cause was the yellow press.
On , a mysterious explosion sank the battleship USS Maine in Havana Harbor, triggering a war between the United States and Spain. The United States supported their cause, and after the Maine exploded, demanded that Spain give Cuba freedom.
William Randolph Hearst, (born , San Francisco, California, U.S.—died , Beverly Hills, California), American newspaper publisher who built up the nation’s largest newspaper chain and whose methods profoundly influenced American journalism.
William Randolph Hearst is best known for publishing the largest chain of American newspapers in the late 19th century, and particularly for sensational “yellow journalism.”
He went blind in 1889. During his battle for supremacy with William Randolph Hearst, publisher of the New York Journal, Pulitzer had to rely on a battery of secretaries to be his eyes. Pulitzer’s World was a strong supporter of the common man. It was anti-monopoly and frequently pro-union during strikes.
Facsimile of Letter Written by the Spanish Minister
This letter, written by the Spanish Ambassador to the United States, Enrique Dupuy de Lôme, criticized American President William McKinley by calling him weak and concerned only with gaining the favor of the crowd.
On the United States declared war on Spain following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana harbor on . The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on .
What was the significance of the de Lôme letter? In it, a Spaniard referred to President McKinley as a weak and cowardly leader, which increased the likelihood of war with Spain. Which of the following was true of the Teller Amendment? It disavowed any American designs on Cuban territory.
Yellow journalism is a style of writing that exaggerates the news to lure readers. They did this to attract readers and make more money. A result of yellow journalism would be that the sinking of the U.S.S. Maine started the Spanish American War, even though Spain didn’t sink the ship.
How did actions of the Spanish during the Cuban Revolution affect American attitudes? Americans opposed the brutal tactics of the Spanish. Americans felt the Spanish were taking a reasonable approach to the Cuban Revolution. Americans were happy when the Spanish accepted help to settle the conflict.
Pulitzer believed that newspapers were public institutions with a duty to improve society, and he put the World in the service of social reform. Just two years after Pulitzer took it over, the World became the highest-circulation newspaper in New York, aided in part by its strong ties to the Democratic Party.
Yellow journalism techniques
Yellow journalism is alive and well today within the idea of “if it bleeds, it leads.” Sensationalized news is a circulation builder and most publishers understand how to use the appeal to their advantage.
How did Joseph Pulitzer differ from William Randolph Hearst? Pulitzer’s newspaper exposed government corruption, tax-dodgers and gamblers. When did Pulitzer and Hearst begin their bitter battle to sell newspapers, and what did both do after the attack on the U.S. battleship Maine in February 1898?
The immediate cause of the Spanish-American War was Cuba’s struggle for independence from Spain. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph The mysterious destruction of the U.S. battleship Maine in the Cuban harbor of Havana on , led to a declaration of war against Spain two months later.
The dramatic style of yellow journalism contributed to creating public support for the Spanish-American War, a war that would ultimately expand the global reach of the United States.
No one has ever established exactly what caused the explosion or who was responsible, but the consequence was the brief Spanish-American War of 1898. American sentiment was strongly behind Cuban independence and many Americans blamed the Spanish for the outrage.