304 North Cardinal St.
Dorchester Center, MA 02124
304 North Cardinal St.
Dorchester Center, MA 02124
How Much Hay Does A Cow Eat A Year? Providing it is good quality, hay should be fed at the rate of around 4 to 5 kg per cow per day. Feeding 2 or 3 days’ worth at a time is alright providing you can keep the hay dry.
How many bales of hay does a cow eat in a year? For a cow needing 8,190 pounds of hay per year and a bale weight of 960 pounds, divide 8,190 by 960 for a yearly need of about 8.5 bales per cow. Multiply this by the total number of weaned cattle in your herd. For example, 45 cows multiplied by 8.5 bales per cow results in a total need of 383 bales.
How much hay does a cow eat per day? Cows will voluntarily consume 2 percent of body weight or 24 pounds per day. The 24 pounds is based on 100 percent dry matter. Grass hays will often be 7 percent to 10 percent moisture.
How much does it cost to feed a cow per year? If the average producer feeds hay from 120 to 160 days, we are talking about an additional cost of from $90.00 to $240.00 per cow per year.
Cows will voluntarily consume 2.0% of body weight or 24 lbs/day. The 24 lbs. is based on 100% dry matter. Grass hays will often be 7-10% moisture. If we assume that the hay is 92% dry matter or 8% moisture, then the cows will consume about 26 lbs./day on an ‘as-fed basis.
Thirty-six pounds of hay is close to one small square bale of hay per day, taking into consideration some waste. Conversely, feeding one large round bale of hay, to two or three steers or cows will last a few weeks.
“Corn residue is one of the lowest cost forages on a cost per pound of energy. That’s why mixing a high energy and protein feed like distillers’ grains with a low quality forage like corn stalks is so cost effective. Distillers’ is often a low-cost source of both energy and protein.
While some cows can sustain many of their needs on grass alone, they are usually the non-lactating cows (i.e., cows that aren’t producing milk). A lactating dairy cow has a high metabolism, and is very similar to a marathon runner or high performance athlete.
Alternative feedstuffs used to decrease the dependency on alfalfa or grass hay include harvested corn stalks, millet hay, wheat straw, sorghum-sudan, cottonseed hulls, soybean hulls, wheat middlings, and corn gluten feed.
You may have heard a rule-of-thumb is that it takes 1.5 to 2 acres to feed a cow calf pair for 12 months. That means we should be able to have 10 to 13 cows. Let’s see how this rule-of-thumb holds up. It looks like our rule-of-thumb held up pretty good, 11 cows on 20 acres, is 1.8 acres per cow.
American average is 1.8 cows per acre, based on this count, about 8–10 cows could be raised on five acres.
High beef production in 2018 and 2019, which increased poundage due to COVID-19, leading to heavy cattle in 2020 and 2021, is projected to lower retail beef prices in 2020 and 2021. But after that, lower beef production is projected by FAPRI to generate increasing retail beef prices from 2020 through 2025.
Cows are Affectionate and Forgiving
Cows love to be petted, stroked, and scratched behind the ears. They are very loving and welcome interactions with kind people.
Once/day feeding of feedlot cattle might work for you. In most cattle feedlots, cattle are fed the finishing ration more than once/day. Feeding more often has the assumed benefit that providing fresh feed will stimulate intake and result in improved animal performance.
Timothy hay is recommended by many experts due to its ease on various animal’s digestive system as well as promotion of bowel regularity. Additionally, there have been scientific studies done that show Timothy hay is an ideal feed for pregnant or lactating cows.
At a typical cost of $45 per bale, the cost of winter hay substitution alone accounts for $180 (for four months) to $225 (for five months) per cow. Add to this the cost of additional feed supplementation, if the hay is not high enough quality to meet the cow’s nutritional requirements.
Typical stocking rates are 0.75 to 1.75 head per acre of 400- to 500-pound calves in the fall and winter, depending upon growth, stand, and soil fertility. This can be doubled to 1.5 to 2.5 head per acre in the spring if the wheat is grazed out.
Alfalfa-grass hay is a good feed for producing beef cows. Alfalfa hay may be used as a protein source for cattle being fed poor quality grass hay or grazing corn stalks. A small amount of alfalfa hay (5-1 0 lb/day) will furnish all the protein needed by these animals.
per day of corn, oats or barley fed to grazing cattle is a good finishing ration. This fed to a 900-1000 pound steer for 3-4 months should will you a nicely finished animal. If you do not have access to pasture or if you are finishing during the winter, you might increase the amount of grain to 15-18 lbs. per day.
Nutrition. Cattle weighing 700 pounds or more should be fed a ration containing 11 percent crude protein in a ration composed of grain (usually corn, but barley and wheat are often also used), protein sources, and roughage.
Australia is now home to some of the world’s most expensive cattle. Pregnant cows, worth $1,200 a head in northern New South Wales three years ago now have a $2,000 price tag, while heifers have gone from $350 a head to $800 in three years.
Cattle: Yes, if Fresh-Mowed or Fully Fermented
Cattle, on the other hand, can safely consume fresh grass clippings as long as they do so within 8 hours of mowing. This is when fermentation and decomposition begin.
Hay is the most commonly used winter feed for beef cattle, but it’s also the most expensive. Each cow requires a daily intake of 40 pounds of round-baled hay, which amounts to $1.61 if pricing hay at $80 per ton. So, unless you can get hay for $40 a ton or less, your most economical choice is corn.”
Unexplained weight loss may be due to a heavy parasite load or dietary deficiencies. A good livestock owner gets to know their cattle and can immediately spot changes in behavior or appearance.
Dairy cows and breeding cattle can be depreciated. Cattle that are just held for resale are not depreciated. Depreciable cattle can be written off over five years or even one year using bonus depreciation or the Section 179 deduction.