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What evidence was in Mohenjo-Daro?
Who found the evidence of Mohenjo-Daro? Discovery and Major Excavations
Mohenjo-daro was discovered in 1922 by R. D. Banerji, an officer of the Archaeological Survey of India, two years after major excavations had begun at Harappa, some 590 km to the north. Large-scale excavations were carried out at the site under the direction of John Marshall, K. N.
What major artifacts was found at Mohenjo-Daro? The city’s wealth and stature is evident in artifacts such as ivory, lapis, carnelian, and gold beads, as well as the baked-brick city structures themselves.
Who destroyed Mohenjo Daro? Located on the bank of Indus River in the southern province of Sindh, Mohenjodaro was built around 2400 BC. It was destroyed at least seven times by the floods and rebuilt on the top of ruins each time.
Nine years of extensive excavations at Mohenjo-daro (1922-31)– a city about three miles in circuit–yielded the total of some 37 skeletons, or parts thereof, that can be attributed with some certainty to the period of the Indus civilization.
Some historians believed the Indus civilisation was destroyed in a large war. Hindu poems called the Rig Veda (from around 1500 BC) describe northern invaders conquering the Indus Valley cities. In the 1940s, archaeologist Mortimer Wheeler discovered 39 human skeletons at Mohenjo-Daro.
Mohenjo Daro is not the real name of the 5000-year-old city. In fact, nobody has deciphered the original name yet. Mohenjo Daro literally means ‘the mound of the dead’, which is just a term used to describe the 5000-year-old city.
Mohenjo-daro had a planned layout with rectilinear buildings arranged on a grid plan. Most were built of fired and mortared brick; some incorporated sun-dried mud-brick and wooden superstructures.
Great Bath: The most famous building found at Mohenjo-Daro is a great bath. It is a 6×12 meter specimen of beautiful brick work. It has a tank with 11.88×7.01 lengths and breadths and 2.43 meters depth along with steps on the north and south sides.
While many ancient civilizations focused on worship, it seems that play was very important to the Indus Valley people. They made toys and small figures of people and animals, using metal and clay. Small clay figures were thrown into rubbish pits.
The Great Bath of Mohenjo-Daro is called the “earliest public water tank of the ancient world”. It measures approximately 12 metres (40 ft) by 7 metres (23 ft), with a maximum depth of 2.4 metres (8 ft).
Mohenjo Daro is a 2016 Indian Hindi-language period action-adventure film written and directed by Ashutosh Gowariker. Gowariker took over three years to research and develop the script, working closely with archaeologists to ensure authenticity in the representation of his fictional story.
Roughly 4,500 years ago, as many as 35,000 people lived and worked in the massive city, which occupies 250 acres along Pakistan’s Indus river.
Mohenjo-daro (Urdu: موئن جودڑو, Sindhi: موئن جو دڙو, English: Mound of the dead) was a city of the Indus Valley Civilization built around 2600 BC and is located in the Sindh Province of Pakistan. It is sometimes referred to as “An Ancient Indus Valley Metropolis”.
The Indus valley people worshiped Lord Shiva as the main male god.
How was Mohenjo-Daro like cities today? The city had advanced urban planning and civil engineering with multiple areas for homes and public spaces. Few buildings and streets, no city water or public utilities.
Great Bath, ancient structure at Mohenjo-daro, Pakistan, an archaeological site featuring ruins of the Indus civilization. The Great Bath dates to the 3rd millennium bce and is believed to have been used for ritual bathing.
The statuette was named “Dancing Girl” based on an assumption of her profession. Archaeologists regard the Dancing Girl as: “the most captivating piece of art from an Indus site.” The statue led to two important discoveries about “The Indus Valley Civilization,” also known as the “Harappan Civilization.”
The name Mohenjo-daro is reputed to signify “the mound of the dead.” The archaeological importance of the site was first recognized in 1922, one year after the discovery of Harappa. Subsequent excavations revealed that the mounds contain the remains of what was once the largest city of the Indus civilization.
Excavations throughout Southern Pakistan, including at Mohenjo Daro, are on hold presently, less because of the coronavirus and more because of funding issues and the condition of the soil. Archaeologists differ on whether the ground conditions argue for faster excavation or none.
Broadly, three types of graves have been discovered at Harappan sites. In the most common type, known as the primary grave, archaeologists have found full-body remains of the person placed inside a pit. Secondary pits were those that contained partial remains of a few bones placed in the pit.
Mohenjo-daro is a site of ancient ruins in Sindh, Pakistan built approximately 4500 years ago. It was discovered in 1921 and has become an important archaeological find because it once housed the Indus Valley civilization, one of the earliest settlements in the world’s history.
India is home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world. From the traces of hominoid activity discovered in the subcontinent, it is recognized that the area now known as India was inhabited approximately 250,000 years ago.
Houses of Indus Valley Civilization were one or two stories high, made of baked (Pucca) bricks, with flat roofs. Each was built around a courtyard, with winddows overlooking the courtyard. The outside walls had no windows. Each home had its own private drinking well and its own private bathroom.
Mohenjo-Daro was the largest city of the Indus valley civilization. -Great Bath: The most famous building found at Mohenjo-Daro is a great bath. -Granary: A granary has been found which the largest building of the Mohenjo-Daro is also important one.