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304 North Cardinal St.
Dorchester Center, MA 02124
What Vaccinations Do Sheep Need Uk? The two most effective vaccines used in sheep are Clostridial and Pasteurella vaccines (often used in combination).
What vaccinations do sheep need? The most important vaccines given routinely to sheep and lambs in North America are those used to protect against Clostridial diseases. Specifically, the preferred vaccine is CD-T toxoid. This protects against enterotoxemia caused by Clostridium perfringens types C and D and also tetanus caused by Clostridium tetani.
When Should sheep be vaccinated? Lambs must have 2 doses of vaccine, 4 to 6 weeks apart, to achieve full immunity. The first vaccination is given at marking, the second as above or at weaning. Adult sheep vaccinated as lambs require an annual booster.
How often should you worm your sheep? Ewes should only be wormed once a year at lambing time; this will reduce the number of eggs on the pasture so that there are less for lambs to pick up. Lambs have little resistance to worms in their first grazing season but this develops with time.
Sheep and goats can be vaccinated for many different diseases, but there is only one universally-recommended vaccine, and it is the CDT or overeating and tetanus vaccination. Enterotoxemia, or overeating disease, is a major cause of death of kids and lambs from shortly after birth through the entire feeding period.
If your sheep are for breeding, a drench around 4 weeks before lambing should see the ewe through the stress periods of late pregnancy and lamb raising. Lambs should be drenched a week or two before weaning.
In adult breeding ewes these yearly booster injections should be given during the pre-lambing period, 4-6 weeks pre-lambing, as an aid in control of disease in their lambs.
Kids should be vaccinated at 5 to 6 weeks of age and then given a booster three to four weeks later. Vaccination of kids from properly vaccinated does prior to 5 weeks of age may result in kids that are not protected and annual boosters may be ineffective.
The recommended doses for use of these sheep, goat and cattle vaccines are 2 mL dosages for sheep and goats, and 5 mL for cattle injected SQ. Repeat the use of these sheep, goat and cow vaccines in 21-28 days, booster annually.
Use an 18-gauge needle, 2-3 cm long, to inject antibiotics. In small, young lambs and young goats a smaller 20-gauge needle should be used.
You can be creative with administering Garlic Juice to Sheep: Garlic and garlic juice is know in many countries to be an excellent dewormer. It is administered to sheep in many creative ways: Added to kelp, added to dry feed, mixed with molasses and salt, mixed with bread-molasses-milk and salt, etc.
Tapeworm infestations. While segments of tapeworms are often seen in the faeces of growing lambs in the UK they exert no adverse effects on growth rate and treatment is not usually considered necessary. The use of group 1-BZ wormers in lambs will remove tapeworm infection.
A typical sign of a worm problem is unthrifty sheep. An unthrifty sheep is one that is not eating properly, is losing condition, tends to lag behind the mob when moved and, in severe cases, is clearly weak. A worm problem often (but not always) results in sheep scouring and becoming daggy.
For all sheep age groups, the most commonly used vaccines were clostridial C and D, and tetanus. Over half of operations vaccinated their nursing lambs for clostridium C and D (enterotoxemia) and tetanus (60.5 and 55.0 percent, respectively) [table 3].
Lambs should be marked between the ages of two and 12 weeks, with the youngest animal in the mob being at least 24 hours old so that a maternal bond can form. If lambing extends for more than six weeks, consider having two mulesing/marking sessions.
Ivermectin Sheep Drench is formulated only for administration to sheep; do not use in other species. The recommended dose level is 3 mL of Ivermectin Sheep Drench, containing 2400 mcg ivermectin, which is sufficient to treat 26 pounds of body weight.
Do NOT use in pregnant ewes in the first trimester of pregnancy. Safe-Guard/ Panacur Suspension (10% or 100 mg/ml): Note that SafeGard is not approved for use in sheep.
Levamisole is a short acting clear drench. Levamisole is still highly effective against barber’s pole worm and Nematodirus on most properties. Nematodirus is often a problem after drought or in lambing paddocks as the egg is resilient and can survive in hot, dry conditions for long periods.
Aureomycin is the only antibiotic currently approved for use in the feed for sheep.
SHEEP AND GOATS
Administer DECTOMAX® injectable solution at a dosage rate of 200 µg/kg doramectin (1 ml/50 kg) body mass or for sheep only 300 µg/kg doramectin (1,5 ml/50 kg) body mass.
Administer by deep intramuscular injection to cattle, sheep and pigs. 300mg/ml can be administered at the standard dose of 20mg/kg in order to obtain 3 to 4 days duration of activity or at the high dose of 30mg/kg for prolonged duration of activity (i.e. activity maintained for 5 to 6 days).
It is essential to give replacement ewes (and rams) two 2 ml doses, 4 to 6 weeks apart when they join the flock.
For example, blackleg is a rapidly fatal disease of calves. Calves should be vaccinated for blackleg by 3 to 4 months of age when the temporary immunity from the dam has declined and the calf’s immune system can respond to the vaccine.
By vaccinating does in late pregnancy, some immunity will be passed on to the kids through the colostrum. If breeding females have been vaccinated before kidding, it is a common practice to vaccinate kids at 10 to 12 weeks of age, followed by a booster at 16 to 18 weeks of age.
Tetanus toxoid requires 3 to 4 weeks to establish effective protection that will last several months. Booster injections should be made annually, or, in event of injury, regardless of interval. Dosage: Inject 2 mL subcutaneously or intramuscularly. Repeat full dose in 3 to 4 weeks.